“The story of witchcraft is primarily the story of women … Especially in its Western incarnation, witchcraft confronts us with ideas about women, with fears about women, with the place of women in society, and with women themselves. It confronts us too with systematic violence against women.”
- Carol F. Karlsen, American Historian
Speculation on the origin of the black pointy Witch’s hat runs the gamut from association with the Devil’s horns and alignment of demonic forces to the conical cap worn by the Greek goddesses Diana and Hectate.
Containing urine, nail clippings, hair, pins, nails, barbed wire, broken shards of mirror and sprigs of rosemary, Artist’s own
“Pins, needles, rosemary, wine;
In this witch’s bottle of mine.
Guard against harm and enmity;
This is my will, so mote it be!”
A yellow bird was said to have suckled betwixt accused witch Martha Corey’s fingers as a symbol of her collusion with the devil.